Phoenician history is filled with many unique and intriguing events. And since these people were great sea traders in antiquity they interacted with everyone. The Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Persians and others wrote excessively about them. So there are many fascinating things that we know about these people, and you will see a number of the most interesting ones here.
Everyone knows the Phoenicians built sturdy cedar boats and brought purple cloth among their shipboard treasures. But there is much more to that story, as you see here. For each of the following subjects we endeavor to cover what everyone knows, but then go beyond that to give you something a little less known but equally fascinating.
The land of the Phoenician people was Phoenicia–and we see it here in independent, Greek and Roman times.
These remarkable pictures of Phoenicians in antiquity show aspects of their fashions and their lives.
The fame and fortune of Lebanon’s celebrated cedar trees are followed up to the present day — with pictures.
The first Phoenician city was at Byblos, but it was eventually surpassed by its daughter cities at Tyre and Sidon.
Beirut began as a small Phoenician town but grew to become the beating heart of Lebanon in later years.
These descriptions of Phoenician colonies include Carthage, Cadiz, Ibiza, Lixis, Utica, Kition, Motya, Palermo, Cagliari and many others.
Follow the story of Carthage from its founding by Elissa to the glories and defeats of the Punic Wars.
More Phoenician History
Experience the Phoenician trade routes and outposts extending from Lebanon to Spain and all points in between.
The BBC touched on many familiar as well as controversial subjects related to the Phoenicians in this well-made program.
The Phoenicians’ surprising tolerance for the religions of others stands in marked contrast to the troubles of Lebanon today.
King Hiram of Tyre sent master builders and cedar to raise Solomon’s Temple at Jerusalem in another display of tolerance.
The Knights Templar named themselves after Solomon’s Temple, but that was only the first of many ties they had to the Phoenicians.
A surprising number of Lebanese-Americans have contributed greatly to our lives, while still enjoying their Lebanese heritage.
This revealing definition of the Phoenicians begins with them being the ancient sea-traders who spread from Lebanon to many Mediterranean colonies.
Here is a well-researched Phoenician book bringing together the long history of the Lebanese people and the ancient Mediterranean.
Phoenicians expert Sanford Holst is a noted historian and the author of Phoenician Secrets, along with many academic papers on the ancient Mediterranean.
How were the Phoenicians involved with the pyramids? The cedar boats found there raise interesting questions.
In addition to the written records we gathered from many sources, we also present photographs of places in ancient Phoenicia — modern Lebanon — and other places the Phoenicians traveled around the Mediterranean. Museum collections are also represented, and there are some vividly rich pictures painted by famous artists about Phoenician people. Enjoy!
The content of this website is drawn from the research of historian Sanford Holst
Updated February 4, 2024
CLOUD: Phoenician history, Mediterranean history, sea traders, history of the Phoenicians
If you would like to experience more of the Phoenician world than you find in these short articles, see the book Phoenicians: Lebanon’s Epic Heritage. This extensive exploration is brightened with 104 illustrations.
Going beyond the few traditionally-cited facts, this authoritative work draws from discussions with leading archaeologists and historians to discover new clues and lines of inquiry into this secretive society.
You can take a look inside this book. See the first pages here.